david cohen wrote:I think we can all agree that heroin addiction, in particular, has no rhyme or reason. It only has one ending for, as you point out, folks can get clean for a very long time but end up chasing the dragon again eventually. Very few manage to keep the beast at bay forever.
true full-blown opioid addiction has a 98 per cent relapse rate . . . i am thinking that the abstinence-only school of thought is the failure for opioids that it is for sex ed.
at the other end of the continuum from the unfortunate cases under discussion are folks who managed to get environmental and any quality-control issues under control and lived with the physical habituation without a problem, indeed it may have allowed them to live to phenomenally old ages them by slowing their metabolism, stabilising blood sugar, and lowering their blood pressure; one of the founders of johns hopkins medical school shot up morphine two to five times a day for 65 years, several of the united states' founding fathers had iatrogenic physical dependence on opioids (in most or all cases not true addiction) that lasted decades until their deaths from old age or other causes; a handful of people have been on morphine or the like for up to 100 years or thereabouts.
very few people could survive being surprised by a charge of fent in their h, especially if they had been trying to kick down/detox. hoffman's death may have been negligent homicide on the part of supplier, perhaps?